Factores determinantes que explican el acceso a la financiación bancaria: un estudio empírico en empresas peruanas

Salustiano Eduardo Rocca Espinoza, Antonio Duréndez Gómez-Guillamón

Resumen


El presente estudio analiza las causas del racionamiento de crédito en las micro y pequeñas empresas peruanas. Dado que en Perú se produce un especial problema en el acceso al crédito puesto que el sistema financiero no está plenamente desarrollado y las posibilidades de acceso al crédito bancario son menores que en otras economías. Para ello, se desarrolla un estudio empírico mediante una encuesta a una muestra de 158 micro y pequeñas empresas peruanas. Nuestro trabajo produce robustos resultados en cuanto a factores que influyen en el acceso a la financiación de las micro y pequeñas empresas en Perú. De forma que se identifican factores tangibles e intangibles como la certificación de calidad, el contar con buenos sistemas de gestión, el hacer planeamiento dentro de la empresa, hacer actividades de innovación, contar con directivos altamente calificados y con experiencia que le permitan a los prestatarios dar señales de la buena condición del negocio, y de los proyectos que presenta. La identificación de los factores que facilitan el acceso al crédito de las empresas ayudará a las mismas en la mejora de su competitividad, así como a los organismos gubernamentales a conocer qué políticas deben desarrollar para facilitar el acceso al crédito y una mayor eficacia del sistema financiero

Palabras clave


racionamiento de crédito;restricciones financieras;fuentes de financiación;micro y pequeñas empresas;estructura de capital

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26784/sbir.v1i1.3

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