¿Por qué las Pymes externalizan sus tareas contables y fiscales?

Javier Orti Baquerizo

Resumen


Nuestro estudio trata de identificar cuáles son los motivos más relevantes que mueven a las pequeñas empresas españolas a externalizar las tareas de contabilidad y confección de impuestos, y qué es lo que realmente les ha llevado a tomar esa decisión. La identificación de estos motivos nos permite evaluar el enfoque estratégico o táctico que toma esta decisión en las pequeñas empresas y empresarios autónomos. A partir de los enfoques de la Teoría de los Costes Económicos de Transacción (TCE) y la Visión Basada en los Recursos (RBV), se definen un conjunto de razones para externalizar y contrastamos si la empresa ha actuado o no de forma consecuente con estas percepciones. El temor a posibles sanciones económicas se revela como el principal motivo que lleva a las pequeñas empresas a externalizar las tareas contables y de confección de impuestos. Las que temen a las sanciones pero no externalizan, lo hacen por motivos económicos. Ello es producido por la percepción de que tales tareas son consideradas como administrativas y no como fundamentales para la toma de decisiones, por lo que, ante ellas, realizan un enfoque más táctico (cercano a la TCE) que estratégico (propio de la RBV)

Palabras clave


externalización;impuestos;sanciones;estrategias;orden de prelación

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Referencias

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26784/sbir.v1i1.4

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